Marx’s Capital: Why Wage Labor is Always Exploited

Part three of a seven-part series of classes on Marx’s Capital by the IMHO.

The Creation of Surplus Value VS. The Creativity of Human Labor – Why Wage Labor is Always Exploited:
creative and conscious human labor; labor theory of value; labor power, surplus value, and variable capital

Chs. 7-8 of Capital I

N.B.: We encourage using the Fowkes translation of Capital Vol. 1 (, but here is a free alternative to all of Capital Vol. 1. (

Cleaver, Rupturing the Dialectic (pp. 29-71), Greenhouse and Kasperkevic, “Fight for $15 turns into largest protest by low-wage workers in U.S. history,” Guardian, April 15, 2015